The Morris Janowitz Career Achievement Award
The Morris Janowitz Career Achievement Award is awarded by the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society to a limited number of senior scholars whose careers most demonstrate excellence in the study of armed forces and society and important service to the discipline. Perhaps the criteria for the award are best described by the careers of the outstanding scholars chosen to receive it to date.
Morris Janowitz Biography
Peter D. Feaver
Peter D. Feaver (Ph.D., Harvard, 1990) is a Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at Duke University. He is Director of the Duke Program in American Grand Strategy. Feaver is author of Armed Servants: Agency, Oversight, and Civil-Military Relations (Harvard Press, 2003) and of Guarding the Guardians: Civilian Control of Nuclear Weapons in the United States (Cornell University Press, 1992). He is co-author: with Christopher Gelpi and Jason Reifler, of Paying the Human Costs of War (Princeton Press, 2009); with Susan Wasiolek and Anne Crossman, of Getting the Best Out of College (Ten Speed Press, 2008, 2nd edition 2012); and with Christopher Gelpi, of Choosing Your Battles: American Civil-Military Relations and the Use of Force (Princeton Press, 2004). He is co-editor, with Richard H. Kohn, of Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security (MIT Press, 2001). He has published numerous other monographs, scholarly articles, book chapters, and policy pieces on grand strategy, American foreign policy, public opinion, nuclear proliferation, civil-military relations, and cybersecurity.
From June 2005 to July 2007, Feaver served as Special Advisor for Strategic Planning and Institutional Reform on the National Security Council Staff at the White House where his responsibilities included the national security strategy, regional strategy reviews, and other political-military issues. In 1993-94, Feaver served as Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control on the National Security Council at the White House where his responsibilities included the national security strategy review, counterproliferation policy, regional nuclear arms control, and other defense policy issues. He is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group and is a contributor to “Shadow Government” at ForeignPolicy.com.
Yagil Levy is a professor of political sociology and public policy at the Open University of Israel. He was born in Tel Aviv and spent 12 years in the Israel Defense Forces, rising to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.
Yagil earned his B.A and Ph.D. degrees in Political Science from Tel Aviv University and completed a post-doctoral fellowship at The New School for Social Research, New York. Subsequently he served as City Manger of the mixed Arab-Jewish city of Ramla and later in other managerial and advisory roles. Yagil joined the Open University of Israel as a faculty member in 2008, where he founded the MA program in Government and Public Policy and the Local Government School.
Yagil's fields of study have encompassed the affinity between military polices and social structure in Israel, changes in the social composition of the IDF, civilian control, casualty sensitivity, military-religious relations, recruitment policies, and the legitimacy of using force. He has published eight books, four of them in English, in addition to a coauthored book, textbook, six edited volumes and over 100 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. His most recent book, Whose Life Is Worth More? Hierarchies of Risk and Death in Contemporary Wars, has been published by Stanford University Press in 2019. He held visiting posts at the Georgetown University and the European University Institute. Yagil served as President of The European Research Group on Military and Society (ERGOMAS), Vice President of the Israeli Sociological Society, and also serves on the board of editors of Armed Forces & Society and Res Militaris- European Journal of Military Studies, and as the IUS council member. Yagil also regularly publishes op-ed articles in Ha'aretz newspaper.
Michel Louis Martin
Michel Louis Martin (MA in African studies UCLA, Doctorate in Law and Political science University of Bordeaux, Fulbright and Ford Foundations fellow UCLA, University of Chicago) is emeritus professor of Law and Political science at the University Toulouse 1-Capitole ; he teaches as adjunct-professor at the Catholic University of Toulouse and, as visiting professor, at Beyrouth St-Joseph University. He is the author, in French and English, of numerous books and articles in the area of civil-military relations, international security, and comparative government and constitutional law, covering Africa, France and Europe, with attention to other areas ; he is also translator into French of classical works in political sociology.
He was guest-scholar for many years at the University of Chicago, professor at the universities of the French West Indies and the Institute of Political Science and the University of Toulouse where he directed the Research Center on Security and Governance and the graduate and post-graduate programs in International relations and Security policy. He also taught in China, Vietnam, Senegal, Morroco, and Mexico. He was also the Director of the Confucius Institute of Toulouse. He was chief-editor of
the Annales de l’Université Toulouse-Capitole and held several editorial and academic positions.
He is chevalier de la Légion d’honneur and member of Académie des sciences, Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres of Toulouse.
Wilbur J. Scott
Wilbur Scott was trained at Louisiana State University in the eclectic tradition of political sociology developed there by the German émigré and scholar, Rudolf Heberle. Scott’s 1976 dissertation accounted for the stunning election of New Orleans’ first black mayor in 1972, just seven years after the Voting Rights Act enfranchised African-Americans. Over the next ten years at the University of Oklahoma, Scott published astute analyses of many other elections and political controversies.
Scott’s subsequent work may be best described as that of a sociologist making sense of his own experiences as an infantry platoon leader in Vietnam and veteran thereafter. The first phase culminated in a ground-breaking work, The Politics of Readjustment. This 1993 book has been hailed as a definitive treatise on the sociology of veterans’ issues. In 1995, he and Sandra Carson Stanley published an especially timely volume, Gays and Lesbians in the Military, addressing the U.S. military’s newly adopted Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy.
In 2004 Scott moved to the U.S. Air Force Academy, first as Distinguished Visiting Professor, then Resident Sociologist. His research expanded to include leader decision-making in complex socio-cultural war environments and the sociologies of irregular warfare and remotely-piloted aircraft. His courses developed a popular following at USAFA among cadets, especially his Sociology of Violence and War.
In military sociology, Scott has more than 60 refereed articles, book chapters, and invited presentations. Scott and co-authors Karin De Angelis and David Segal currently are completing the book, Sociology through the Prism of Military Sociology.
Scott is now Professor Emeritus, both at the University of Oklahoma and the U.S. Air Force Academy.
He and his wife, Carol, live in downtown Colorado Springs.
René Moelker received his master’s degree in sociology from the Catholic University in Brabant in 1986 and his doctorate from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam in 1992. He served for two years on the faculty of the Netherlands Naval Academy. In 1994, he was appointed to and currently serves on the faculty of the Netherlands Defense Academy, where he has proven to be a leader in teaching and research, both within his institution and within the wider profession of military sociologists.
Moelker is a prolific scholar. He has over 100 publications, including most recently over ten books or edited books and over twenty book chapters and peer-reviewed journal articles. These publications cover a wide-range of substantive matters dealing amongst others with the theory and methods of military sociology, with military organization and moral responsibility for the use of force, and with the effects of military service on military families. The main question that he addresses asks how military force can be used responsibly, to care for the lives and wellbeing of soldiers, veterans, and civilians caught up in the experience of collective violence. His current work is a comparative ethnographic study of veterans in the USA and the Netherlands.
In addition, Rene contributes to build the professional organizations on which we depend to do our work. He is a member of the Council of IUS and a member of the editorial board of our journal Armed Forces and Society. He has served as the acting president of the European Research Group on Military and Society (ERGOMAS), is currently treasurer of ERGOMAS, and secretary of its working group on military families. He also sits on the editorial board of Res Militares.
Pat Shields received her bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Maryland in 1973. She continued with graduate studies at The Ohio State University where she earned her master’s degree in economics (1975) and her PhD in public administration (1977). In 1978, she joined and remained a loyal member of the Department of the Department of Political Science at Texas State University. Over the course of her career she has distinguished herself as a teacher and a scholar within her university, nationally and internationally.
Pat has proven to be a prolific scholar having published four books and over sixty book chapters and peer-reviewed journal articles. More important than the numbers of publications is the quality of her work and its influence. She has focused her research on civil-military relations, beginning with an examination of equity issues affecting the recruitment of youth into the (then) new all-volunteer force. She has since broadened her horizon to include studies of gender integration, peacekeeping and peace studies, and military privatization. While making her mark in military studies, she has also developed a lively interest in the importance of classical philosophical pragmatism as a theoretical perspective helpful for the study public administration. This work has led her also to studies Jane Addams and her contributions to peace studies.
We must not forget her role as a teacher. For eighteen years, she served with distinction as the director of the Masters of Publication Administration at Texas State University. A great many of her students won national awards for the quality of their papers. On the international scale, Pat has served as the editor-in chief of our journal, Armed Forces & Society since 2001. Her close attention even to the submissions she rejects has won her the thanks and admiration of submitters from all around the world. In addition to this work, she has served on the editorial boards.
Not surprising, she received the Rita Mae Kelly Award for her contributions to gender studies, from the section for women in public administration of the American Society for Public Administration. She also received the Leslie A. Whittington Award for teaching and methods from The National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration. We are happy to add to her collection tonight.
Don M. Snider
Commissioned from West Point in 1962, Don M. Snider has served the Republic for over five decades as both Soldier and scholar. As a Soldier he served three combat tours in Vietnam. After battalion command, he specialized in strategy and defense policy as Chief of Plans for Theater Army, Europe; Joint Planner for the Army Chief of Staff; and, Federal Executive Fellow at the Brookings Institution. In 1987 he joined the staff of the National Security Council in the White House as Director, Defense Policy, serving in both the Reagan and Bush Administrations. In his final active duty position he served in the Office of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, retiring in 1990. Since then as a scholar, Snider has led the renewal of the study of military profession and ethics within the Army and, more recently, our other services. Among his academic accomplishments, he edited and contributed to three important books on the Army Profession and its civil-military relations, and published numerous articles in respected military and academic journals. He served for many years on the faculty at West Point, retiring with the rank of Professor Emeritus. He then joined the faculty at the Army War College as Professor of the Army Profession, and currently serves also as a senior fellow at the Center for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE). There he helped lead a two-year effort to produce the first-ever Army doctrine on the profession (ADRP-1, The Army Profession, 2013). Subsequently, he led another such effort that redefined the Army’s Ethic. He has also been a member of the IUS Council for many years.
Snider holds a doctorate in Public Policy from the University of Maryland (1993). He and Caroline, his Army wife of fifty years, reside in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Joseph Soeters holds the chair of management and organization studies on the Faculty of Military Studies at the Netherlands Defense Academy. From 1999 to 2003 he served as the Dean of the Faculty of Military Studies at the academy. In addition, he serves as a part-time professor of organizational sociology at Tilburg University. For many years, he has been an associate editor of the IUS journal, Armed Forces & Society. He served as the vice-president of the Research Committee on Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution (RC01) within the International Sociological Association. Currently he is a member of its board.
Soeters is known to be an enthusiastic and effective teacher at the undergraduate and graduate levels. For instance, he has supervised over thirty PhD dissertations, most on military topics, with more to come. He is also a prolific researcher. He has written a book on Ethnic Conflict and Terrorism and co-edited ten books, most recently a Handbook on Research Methods in Military Studies. He has authored or co-authored about 70 articles in international academic journals, and published a large number of international book chapters. His research interests are wide ranging. He is particularly interested in showing how military cultures and operational styles affect military capacities to prevent, contain and resolve large-scale violent conflict. The overarching theme guiding his work is about whether violence solves problems. His approach is realistic and pragmatic, historical and comparative. He doubts there are simple, black and white, answers to such a question. Rather, he expects there are many shades of grey which it is the business of military studies both to identify and explain.
Joseph is married to Vivian Schreurs. Together they have three children and one granddaughter.
Reuven Gal has experience in both military, academic, government and non-government arenas. He served in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) as a combat infantry officer and later as the IDF’s Chief Psychologist. He retired with the rank of Colonel. While in the service, he earned a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of California—Berkley. Since then he has led an active career in public service and in the academy.
Dr. Gal served as the Deputy National Security Advisor on Israel’s National Security Council, founded, and also headed the Administration for National Civic Service, under the Prime Minister's Office. He founded and directed the Israeli Institute for Military Studies, naming Morris Janowitz as its honorary president. He is also the Founding Chair of The Association of Civil-Military Studies in Israel
Dr.Gal is currently enjoying a dual academic position as a Senior Research Fellow -- at the Dan Shomron Institute for Social, Security and Peace Studies at the Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee; and at the Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology.
Dr. Gal sits on the IUS Council, and on the Editorial Board of Armed Forces & Society. He has authored and edited six books, and published numerous articles and book chapters.
Gal is married to Ivria. They have five children and eleven grandchildren.
John Allen ("Jay") Williams
John Allen ("Jay") Williams is Professor of Political Science at Loyola University Chicago and a Master Teacher in the College of Arts and Sciences. He is immediate past Chair and President of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society and remains on the IUS Council and Board of Directors. He is on the Board of Directors of the Pritzker Military Museum and Library and is co-organizer and past President of the International Security and Arms Control Section of the American Political Science Association. His academic degrees are from Grinnell College (B.A.) and the University of Pennsylvania (M.A. and Ph.D.). His writings include works on professional military education, civil-military relations, military culture, military professionalism and leadership, personnel issues, military strategy, military forces and missions, catastrophic terrorism, defense organization, and strategic policy. He is a frequent media commentator whose lectures, travels, and professional appearances have taken him to six continents.
Dr. Williams’ latest book is U.S. National Security: Policymakers, Processes, and Politics (with Sam C. Sarkesian and Stephen J. Cimbala). Previous books include The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces After the Cold War (with Charles C. Moskos and David R. Segal), Soldiers, Society, and National Security (with Sam C. Sarkesian and Fred B. Bryant)
Dr. Williams retired as a Captain in the U.S. Navy Reserve with 30 years of commissioned service. A designated Strategic Plans Officer, his personal awards include the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal (two awards), and the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation and Achievement Medals.
Christopher Dandeker holds the only chair in Military Sociology in the UK in the Department of War Studies at King's College London. After receiving his BSc and PhD degrees in Sociology at Leicester. He moved to King's in 1990. With Simon Wessely [from the Institute of Psychiatry at King's), he co-founded and became co-Director of the King's Centre for Military Health Research.
His research interests focus on: the changing character of war and the role of the military; military health and well being; recruitment, retention, and resettlement of military personnel; civil-military relations, etc.
Dandeker has co-authored and edited five books, the most recent of which is Les Armees en Europe, as well as written numerous journal articles and book chapters. He has served as an independent member of the UK's Defence Science Advisory Council and is currently working on a project funded by the UK's Economic and Social Research Council.
Mady Wechsler Segal
Mady Wechsler Segal earned her Ph.D. at the University of Chicago. She is Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of Maryland, where she has been Distinguished Scholar Teacher, faculty affiliate of the Women's Studies Department, Associate Director of the Center for Research on Military Organization, and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies.
She has served as chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the U.S. Army Research Institute's Army Family Research Program, as a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Performance of Military Personnel.
Segal's research on military personnel issues has focused on military women, military families, and race/ethnicity in the military. She is the author of many scholarly articles and reports for military leaders and policy makers, including What We Know About Army Families: 2007 Update and How to Support Families during Overseas Deployments: A Sourcebook for Service Providers.
Bernard Boëne has been instrumental in the renaissance of military sociology in Europe. He has helped shaped a generation of French officers, first as professeur agrégé of English, then of Sociology, and finally as Dean at the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM) and the other military schools at Coëtquidan, as well as teaching at the universities of Rennes and Toulouse. The capstone of his career as an educator was service as Recteur de l'Académie de La Réunion.
Boëne's research includes his 1995 dissertation on the development of military sociology in the United States, the published version of which is required reading for military sociologists. His other seminal publications cover the range of issues in military sociology, and have been published in books and in the major journals in our field. One of his latest projects is a new electronic journal in military sociology.
His scholarly service over the years includes being Associate Editor of Armed Forces & Society, a member of the IUS Council, Vice-President of the Re-search Committee on Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution of the International Sociological Association, and past President of the European Research Group on the Military and Society (ERGOMAS).
James Burk is a leading figure in military sociology whose research examines the military in liberal democracies. His publications have engaged and shaped sociological debates about the use of force, the citizen-soldier, the military profession, military culture, and theories of civil-military relations.
He is especially concerned with issues that lie on the frontier between sociology and ethics, such as the military obligations of citizens and the line between blind and responsible obedience. His recent research examines patterns of race relations within the military through the prism of local justice theory.
Burk studied military sociology under Morris Janowitz while a graduate student at the University of Chicago and has long been active in the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society. He has served on the IUS Council since 1991 and chairs its publications committee. He edited Armed Forces & Society from 1995 to 1998 and remains an active member of the journal's editorial board. He is a professor of sociology at Texas A&M University, specializing in military sociology, political sociology and social theory.
Moshe Lissak is one of the most renowned scholars of civil-military relations. He is Professor Emeritus of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He received his Ph.D. from the Hebrew University in 1963 and traveled to the United States to study with Morris Janowitz. In addition to Lissak's critically acclaimed expertise on Burma and Thailand, he also became a distinguished scholar of Israeli civil-military relations and Israeli sociological history.
Lissak's books include Military Roles In Modernization: Civil-Military Relations In Thailand and Burma and Trouble in Utopia: The Overburdened Polity of Israel.
Lissak has been an important participant in the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, and a contributor to and associate editor of Armed Forces & Society. Lissak truly captures what it means to be the ideal intellectual of civil-military relations with his groundbreaking work in the field and profound engagement in theoretical and sociological debate and dialogue.
David R. Segal
David R. Segal is a preeminent sociologist, directly influencing defense policy in the U.S. through research, consultation, and service work. His over 150 scholarly journal articles, the highly regarded book, Recruiting for Uncle Sam, and the cogent America's Military Population monograph (co-authored with Mady Weschler Segal) are widely read.
His unparalleled ability to render complex sociological issues intelligible to lay, international, and other non-academic audiences has made him a widely sought-after mass media commentator and public speaker in the United States and abroad. He is considered an exemplary collaborator, as he was in the co-edited volume The Postmodern Military, because the rigor of his work makes for cutting-edge and frequently referenced sources.
Finally, Segal continues to educate, inspire, and mentor generations of students, teachers and practitioners -- civilian and military -- thereby leaving a lasting legacy regarding matters of the military.
Charles C. Moskos
Charlie Moskos was a former IUS Chair and President. He was a tireless contributor of scholarly work, most of which had practical applications and some of which stirred public debate. He was justly proud of his ancestry and honored his heritage by his prominent scholarship on Greek Americans. He was among the very few sociologists who studied enlisted soldiers in the field where they were deployed, both in peace and in war. His work on minority soldiers revealed the conditions under which a Jim Crow military became a model for race relations that civilian institutions might follow.
Early in his career, he developed the Institutional/Occupational hypothesis as a means to promote comparative historical studies of military organization and military change. This hypothesis evolved into the Postmodern Military model, which helped predict the course of civil-military relations after the end of the Cold War. He never shied away from, but helped to guide, heated public debates about, for instance, the rights of conscientious objectors and the integration of women and gays into the armed forces. During the Clinton administration, he coined the term, "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," as a name for the policy he proposed, the policy eventually adopted, that steered between punishing members of the military because they were gay and allowing gays to serve openly.
His contributions were not confined to his leading role as a scholar and public intellectual. Much of the intellectual vitality and practical success of our organization is due to Charlie Moskos. He worked tirelessly to organize conferences, to enlist the help of others to ensure that our organization could survive financially, and to support the work of scholars young and old.
Sam C. Sarkesian
Sam Sarkesian was a former IUS Chair and President. He was the epitome of a soldier-scholar. His military service began as an enlisted man serving in the constabulary force in Germany after World War Two. He returned for undergraduate studies at The Citadel, where he graduated cum laude after three years. Commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Army, he was one of the first men chosen for the elite 10th Special Forces by its founder, the legendary Colonel Aaron Bank. He served during the Korean War on an island located above the 38th parallel on the west coast of Korea. He joined the 11th Airborne Division for service in Germany and the First Infantry Division for service in Vietnam. He then taught a future generation of Army leaders as a member of the prestigious Social Science Department at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.
His decorations include the Bronze Star with Combat V Device and Oak Leaf Cluster, the Legion of Merit, and the Army Commendation Medal. He wore the Combat Infantry Badge and was glider qualified -- one of the last to receive this certification -- and a Master Parachutist with 85 jumps. He retired from the Army in 1968 at the rank of Lt. Colonel, and received his Ph.D. at Columbia University.
After the Army, Sam turned with his customary energy to his second career as a full-time academician. Shortly after returning to Chicago, he fell in with University of Chicago social scientist Morris Janowitz, the founder of the discipline of civil military relations and of the Inter- University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society. He was Janowitz's choice to succeed him as IUS Chair and President when Janowitz stepped down in 1982, and he led our organization with great skill for five years as it became a truly international and interdisciplinary organization.
Sam's scholarly record is astonishingly prodigious, even without considering that he began publishing only after the completion of his Army career. It includes some 20 books and 25 articles and book chapters. The titles of these indicate the range and depth of his intellect and his contributions to scholarship: The Professional Army Officer in a Changing Society -- his first book, and one that still reads very well; America's Forgotten Wars: The Counterrevolutionary Past and Lessons for the Future; The U.S. Military Profession Into the 21st Century: War, Peace, and Politics (written with Rob Connor); The New Battlefield: The United States and Unconventional Conflicts; Soldiers, Society, and National Security; U.S. National Security: Policymakers, Processes, and Politics; and the recently re-issued classic, Revolutionary Guerrilla Warfare: Theories, Doctrines, and Contexts.