IUS - The Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society

2013 Morris Janowitz Career Achievement Award Remarks

James Burk's Introduction for Reuven Gal

Reuven has been an active IUS fellow since the early 1980s. About what he has done since then, I will have much to say. But let’s first note that in 1983 he was ending a distinguished military career with the Israeli Defense Force, the IDF.

In that career, he rose in rank and responsibility from Lieutenant to the rank of Colonel, serving as Chief Psychologist of the IDF. Along the way, he earned his PhD in psychology from the University of California—Berkley.

I don’t know for sure, but I presume this was an innovative career pattern within the IDF, not the path routinely travelled but a path originally fashioned to take advantage of Reuven’s exceptional talents as a scholar and a leader.

Over the last three decades, Reuven has had a successful career as a scholar doing what scholars do: teaching and research. So he is presently a Lecturer in the IDF’s National Defense College and a Senior Research Fellow at the Kenneret College on the Sea of Galilee and at Technion—the Israeli Institute of Technology.

He has been enormously productive as judged by the highest standards of scholarship. He has published over thirty journal articles in English, a like number of articles in Hebrew, and over twenty book chapters. In addition, he is author or editor of six books. His work furthers what we know about how military service affects the soldiers who serve and the cohesion of the units in which they serve.

Beside his publications, Reuven has also been an academic entrepreneur. He founded and directed two non-profit research organizations to promote social science studies. Notable for us was the founding in 1985 of the Israeli Institute for Military Studies. Morris Janowitz served as its Honorary President. Reuven also founded and directed the Center for Outstanding Leadership, which aimed at studying and teaching advanced leadership skills, essential for military effectiveness.

More than a scholar and an academic entrepreneur, Reuven is a public servant. He has worked within the Israeli government to promote the ideal and practice of civic service. And he served on Israel’s National Security Council as a deputy National Security Advisor, responsible for domestic social and infrastructural issues.

Last, but not least, Reuven works hard in the service of IUS. He is a long-time member of the IUS Council, an Associate Editor for our journal, Armed Forces & Society, and a frequent and creative contributor of panels and papers, that enrich the work we do together at our biennial conferences.

Reuven Gal

Dear members of the Janowitz family;

Jim, our new Chair and President;

Jay, my associate and partner for this award;

Council and Secretariat members and colleagues;

My dear IUS fellows and friends:

The IUS has been my professional “home” for 30 years now. Not only it has inspired my thinking and writing, but at a higher level it has enriched my life with unique and dear friends and colleagues. It was Charlie Moskos’ idea, back in 1983, to introduce me to Morris. I met Morris at his home; the effects of his Parkinson’s disease were already apparent, but the man was bright and sharp. After he heard my personal story, his eyes were in tears. “You are the embodiment of the citizen soldier," he said, in those words, and I was not sure then what exactly he meant by this and whether he was referring to me personally or to Israelis in general.

It was only after I started reading his books that I realized that for Morris Janowitz, the ‘citizen-soldier model’ was the effective way to enhance civic participation. It was only natural that two years later, in 1985, when we founded the Israeli Institute for Military Studies, we named Morris Janowitz as its Honorary President.

Many years have passed since then, as well as some 14 IUS Biennial Conferences, of which I have missed none. Here, at the IUS meetings, I've discovered many amazing colleagues, from many different countries, who have shared the same feelings for Morris and the same debt to his theories, while greatly deepening and adding to them over the years. This is why I call the IUS my professional “home.”

Thank you for this award and for playing such a role in my career. I consider this award given not only to me but to all my Israeli colleagues, many of whom are present in this room -- all dedicated researchers and students of civil-military studies.

One last word to Jay Williams: Years ago, when we first met, we discovered that we shared a passionate love. Little did we know, then, my friend, that one day we would also share a prize so dear to both of us. I congratulate you wholeheartedly, Jay !

And I thank you all, so very much. Toda Raba !

James Burk's Introduction for John Allen Williams

Jay Williams’s contributions to the IUS are many and unique and I doubt anyone will match them. But let me say more about that later. I want first to emphasize Jay’s contributions as a political science scholar in the fields of civil-military relations and national security studies.

The numbers tell the tale. Jay is author or editor of five books, including Soldiers, Society, and National Security (with Sam Sarkesian) to The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces After the Cold War (with Charlie Moskos and David Segal), and US National Security: Policymakers, Processes and Politics (with Sam Sarkesian and Stephen Cimbala).

Jay is also the author of over twenty book chapters and thirty journal articles. His work appears in highly respected journals such as Armed Forces & Society, Orbis, and the Washington Quarterly.

Beyond the numbers are matters of substance. Jay was a pioneer in thinking through how the end of the Cold War would affect civil-military relations.

More broadly, he has been a global ambassador promoting social science studies of strategy and civil-military relations. He has lectured in nearly twenty countries, from Europe to South America, from Africa to Asia.

With publications in major military journals such as Air University Review, Military Review, and Proceedings, Jay’s work also bridges the civilian-military divide. This is an accomplishment close to his heart. After all, Jay retired as a Captain in the U.S. Naval Reserve after thirty years of commissioned service. He is both a citizen soldier and a soldier scholar – or, as he would say, a sailor-scholar.

Finally, we must recognize Jay’s extraordinary career as a longtime leader of the IUS.

Jay has been an IUS Fellow since 1982. He was immediately tapped to become the IUS executive director, a position he held for over twenty years. In 2003 he was elected chair and president of the IUS, a position he is leaving now after ten years of strong leadership.

He would have been elected again, had he not been adamant about retiring. Perhaps, after thirty years service in the Navy and thirty years’ service in the IUS, he is entitled.

Jay, we are all happy to give you this award tonight, to recognize your record of scholarship and service. It is a record that few if any of us will be able to match.

John Allen Williams

Thank you, Jim. I appreciate your kind words. I am especially pleased to be recognized together with Reuven Gal, a close friend of long standing whom I greatly admire professionally and personally.

My mentor, the late Sam Sarkesian, opened many doors for me. None was more important than introducing me to Morris Janowitz and the IUS. Sam noticed that my studies of urban politics were flagging, and suggested I write a military-oriented paper for the IUS conference in 1980. I gave it a shot, was soon hooked, and never looked back.

IUS conferences were much smaller in those days, and Morris held them on the University of Chicago campus – partly because the participants wouldn’t be tempted to leave the sessions and wander around Hyde Park at night. I recall that one of the participants was a young academician named Condoleezza Rice. I wonder whatever became of her.

I have a vivid recollection of my first meeting with Morris, who could be very intimidating even when he wasn’t trying to be. I was at the paper table and saw the great professor headed my way. I have a clear recollection of my exact thoughts: “Oh God! Oh God! It’s Morris Janowitz! I hope he liked my paper!” He walked up to me, paused, saw at my name tag, looked at my face, and said at last, “Ahh – Williams. I read your paper.” [Long pause.] “Diffuse. Diffuse” Then he walked away. (Morris never gave good closure in conversations; they tended to end abruptly.)

I felt better the next day when he called me and said, “Williams, this is Janowitz. Come to my house at 3:30 on Tuesday. We’ll fix your paper and I’ll print it.” That was my first article in Armed Forces & Society, and while it was not exactly peer-reviewed, I think his opinion was more than sufficient. I hope he would be pleased at the direction my career took thereafter – including tonight with the receipt of this wonderful award named in his honor.

I am both grateful and humbled to receive this recognition, which marks the high point of my academic career to date. Many thanks to all of you.